A whole new world: 15% growth in post-acute care among 30-year nursing home industry changes
The population of residents served by nursing homes has undergone dramatic changes in the past 30 years – including a 15% increase in post-hospital admissions.
That’s a takeaway from a recent study that highlights trends since the 1987 passage of the Omnibus Reconciliation Act, which called for an overhaul to the nursing home quality assurance system.
The industry has lost 400 facilities since that time, with more operators becoming Medicare and Medicaid certified, linking up with chain operators and embracing not-for-profit care models, the researchers say. Facilities have meanwhile transformed their care to support growing populations, including:
- Residents who are racial or ethnic minorities
- Residents admitted for rehabilitative/post-acute care
- Residents with complex conditions who require assistance with activities of daily living
- Residents primarily supported by Medicare (the number of those primarily supported by Medicaid has decreased)
- Residents diagnosed with dementia and psychiatric conditions such as schizophrenia